What Is A Land Survey?

Land survey
A land survey includes measuring and recording the boundaries, elevation levels and angles of a parcel of land.

If you have ever purchased a property, then you likely have had a land survey conducted. When it comes to land development, construction, and management, a land survey is a critical step. So what exactly is a land survey? A land survey is a process of measuring and mapping the boundaries of a piece of land. It is used to determine the exact location of property lines, as well as the dimensions and location of any improvements on the property. Land surveys are often required for real estate transactions, as they can help to prevent disputes over property boundaries.

Common types of land surveys

  • Boundary surveys: These surveys are used to determine the exact location of property lines. They are often required for real estate transactions, as well as for zoning and permitting purposes.
  • Topographic surveys: These surveys measure the elevation of the land, as well as the slope and drainage patterns. They are often used for planning and construction projects, as well as for environmental assessments.
  • As-built surveys: These surveys are used to document the existing features of a property, such as buildings, roads, and utilities. They are often used after construction projects to ensure that the project was completed as planned.
  • Global Positioning System (GPS) Surveys: Land surveyors can now utilize GPS receivers to access highly accurate positioning data. This is beneficial for large-scale projects spanning vast areas, such as highways, pipelines and utility corridors.
  • Land development & subdivisions: Land surveyors may determine boundaries for communities while also laying out streets, easements and ensure the proper distribution of utilities within the developed area.
  • Geodetic surveys: These surveys accurately measure and establish the three-dimensional positions of points on the earth’s surface. These are important for large-scale mapping projects.
  • Hydrographic surveys: As indicated by the name, these types of surveys specialize in marine or freshwater environments to map and measure the physical features and contours of bodies of water. Of course, other equipment such as sonar systems and echo sounders are used here. These surveys are essential for navigation, dredging operations, coastal engineering and environmental assessments.


In summary, these are only a few of the various types of land surveys. Although it is not necessary for you to become an expert in the various types, it is important to be aware of surveys and how they impact your home purchase or sale. As always, your local and knowledgeable real estate agent should have a good understanding of the various steps involved in a home sale.

Are you thinking about buying or selling a home in South Florida? We can help! Contact Natasha at Live South Florida Realty, Inc. today! Also, don’t forget to download the free Florida Home Search app for your mobile device.

By natasha moore

REALTOR® with Live South Florida Realty, Inc.